Scoliosis is a lateral deviation in the frontal plane, in a more or less pronounced “s”-shape, of the vertebral spine. . Non-structural, functional scoliosis or the scoliotic attitudes , are characterized by the fact that the lateral deviation of the spine is completely reducible clinically and radiologically in the reclining position. Scoliosis may be caused by inequalities of the lower limbs, by hip ankyloses in vicious positions, by paravertebral muscle contractures, antalgic, like in disc hernia.. These scoliotic attitudes are not progressive and they disappear once the cause producing them is removed or corrected. In structural scoliosis, vertebrae alterations occur, which cannot be reduced physically and radiographically in the reclining position and which, in general, have a progressive tendency.
The treatment for scoliosis below 30 degrees is prolonged kinetic therapy. For those between 30-50 degrees, the treatment is performed by redressing with gypsum devices, and by maintaining the correction, by means of orthopedic devices, followed by kinetic therapy. .
Over 50 degrees, scoliosis has a progressive potential, for which reason the treatment is surgical. .
Symptoms of scoliosis: – asymmetrical backbone
- Asymmetry of shoulders
- Asymmetry of the basin
- Ribs and scapula are prominent on one side of the body
- The pulmonary function may be affected in severe scoliosis.
Interdictions in scoliosis: – maintain a fixed position for long periods of time
- Avoid cold;
- Lifting weights;
- Physical activities and sports;
- Losing weight or maintaining weight;
- Avoid constipation;
- Avoid flu.